• 中美之间的另类“文化交流”

    by  • July 7, 2011 • 中国观察 • 58 Comments

    身在美国,但对美国网络上对中国的评论看得不多。最近乌有之乡一篇愤怒的文章倒是让我去看了《纽约时报》两篇网文。这两篇网文一是裴敏欣写的“伟大的党,但共产主义在哪里?” (Great Party, but Where’s the Communism?)还有一篇是David Shambaugh写的“中共在90”。(China’s Communist Party at 90)。

    乌有之乡这篇署名“中云”的文章,其标题为“评纽约时报两篇‘祝贺中国共产党90岁生日的文章”。他先是对《纽约时报》网站上几篇庆祝艾未未与胡佳获释表示不满,然后对这两篇充满了对中共不敬之词的博文表示愤怒。

    且先说《纽约时报》网上两篇文章到底说了什么。裴文其实主要就中共的代表性发言,认为今天的这个党已发展成为一台自我服务的、官僚主义化的政治庇护机器。(与我三年前发表的《改革30年:国家能力的畸型发展及其后果》文章的结论接近:“中共已经堕落为一个自我服务的自利型政治集团”),既不代表群众,目前唯一的生存策略就是使用政治暴力。在经济层面上,增长将慢下来。人口老龄化、资源约束、经济改革停止及环境恶化几乎肯定会压低中国的增长潜力。经济减速和日渐增多的政治激进主义的汇聚,将从几个方向挑战这个党的统治。作者最后的劝告是:“现在中国共产党已经执政62年了,它的领导者们或许也想注意,一党执政的纪录是74年,由原苏共保持,第二名是墨西哥的IRP,71年。因此,当中国的领导人们举杯庆祝党的90岁生日时,他们应该不会怀有幻想,这个党能永远战胜历史的几率。”

    David Shambaugh在文章一开头就指出中共发起全国范围内的纪念仪式与洪水般的媒体覆盖宣传,宣传主旨是共产党洗刷了中国的“百年耻辱”,给中国带来了繁荣与尊严,并断言“共产党重建了社会并恢复了中国在世界上的合理地位”。此文的重点是指出中央党史办的《中共党史》第二卷高度选择性地屏蔽了许多历史真相,仍然是为毛开脱罪责的官方叙事。比如该部党史将造成4500万人死亡(根据历史学家弗兰克迪科特对新档案材料的研究)的大跃进和文化大革命这两大灾难,基本上归结为由林彪、江青及四人帮等极左分子的篡党夺权造成。该史书也没提邓小平在指挥这场运动中的角色。作者在文章结尾说:“90岁的中共有点象很多90多岁的老人:越来越衰弱,胆小害怕,设法延长寿命,但因这太复杂而终归失败。”

    裴敏欣谈的是中共现状,David Shambaugh所言更是中共处理自己光辉历史的一贯手法。因为中共有一个奇特的传统:对它自己曾经做过的事情都讳莫如深,每隔一段时期就让档案部门或图书馆销毁一些资料,就我所知,仅“文革”资料就在90年代下过两次命令,让全国图书馆销毁。即使是保留下来的,也不许人们自由查阅,不许学者发表研究成果,不许媒体在未经有关部门许可的情况下采访某些事件的亲历者,连中共革命历史各阶段的高层亲历者撰写的回忆录在未经审查的情况下也不许出版(如李鹏回忆录)。这种做法本身就意味着中共深知自己曾做过的事情并不光彩,因此需要隐瞒,需要文饰,需要篡改。因此整部中共党史充满了掩藏、充满了谎言,《中共党史》第二卷本是用来献给中共90大寿的“寿礼”,但在现阶段这种草木皆兵、风声鹤唳的矛盾高发期出版——内部人用“抱着炸弹击鼓传花”形容权力交接前的状态——需要隐藏的东西自然更多。

    中云似乎也知道上述两文的评析挑不出太多毛病,于是在两篇文章的态度不敬上做文章,说裴敏欣的“‘祝贺’文章更像是悼词,或诅咒,90岁了,执政62年了,快去死吧。”说David Shambaugh的文末祝词意即“90多岁了,该死了,垂死挣扎是没用的。”最后没忘记骂上一句“这群王八蛋。这样来祝贺我们的党,伟大的中国共产党,90岁的生日。”

    中云这篇附上被他批判的作者英文原文及译文的评析,在无意之间为国内读者打开了一扇官方决不肯打开的窗户。在新华社连篇累牍地报导“各国政府领导人与政党热烈庆祝我党90岁生日”之时,乌有之乡发表这篇文章附上供批判用的原文,至少让读者知道了原来世界并没有普天同庆地共祝中共万寿无疆。

    在中共控制信息的今天,这样的另类文化交流多多益善。记得我们当初青少年时期就是阅读这些供批判用的内部资料,如黄皮书、灰皮书之类的而知道了许多伟大领袖与党不想让我们知道的事情,我们也因此变得多思善思,对中国时局有了独立的思考与判断。

    希望乌有之乡今后在批判时,多转载一些“供批判用”的外部评论,让国人多一个信息来源,“兼听则明”是条不易的真理。

     

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    58 Responses to 中美之间的另类“文化交流”

    1. AAA
      July 7, 2011 at 16:37

      中共成立90年,执政62年。不论从国家经济发展还是国际影响力来看都是前苏联或者前东欧共产国家无法相比的。 而且从发展趋势来看,美国倒是象一个走向衰退的老人而中国则继续在按照自己的规划稳步前进。

      说起前东欧共产国家,想起了前不久温家宝访问匈牙利据说中国将出资购买匈牙利国债来帮助匈牙利度过经济危机。这倒是很有讽刺意味的,放弃共产主义的国家现在确在接受一个共产党执政的国家的经济援助。就中共目前的生命力来看,我觉得中共再执政个几十年根本不觉得有什么问题。。。

      • 中共牌坊
        July 7, 2011 at 19:26

        妄想加狂爱共产党这个老不死会永远年轻 证明你AAA是个恋童癖 你这个有娘生没娘教的变态恋童癖 人人得而诛之

      • July 7, 2011 at 20:12

        AAA;中共90岁,是中国人悲剧性的90年。但中国最大的悲剧是————悲剧在进行时。当然,象你这种中共的————试管婴儿也许没觉得这是悲剧。是因为当初勾兑你时本来就是个悲剧!你在这儿出卖灵魂粉饰中共!倒也不奇怪,因为你等根本就没有灵魂。

        • AAA
          July 7, 2011 at 20:34

          你歧视残疾人!我告诉我爹去!

      • abc
        July 7, 2011 at 21:25

        AAA, 北京窝里大乱, 江记被绑架, 至今下落不明.武警正追杀你们這伙最底层走狗.你赶快叛徒,我们收畄你.

        • August 30, 2011 at 00:26

          Right on-this helped me sort tinhgs right out.

      • abc
        July 7, 2011 at 21:37

        AAA, 人之将死,其言也善.你终于良心发现, 清楚无误地表明,中共必然会完蛋!

      • 中国人
        July 8, 2011 at 02:25

        又见赖皮狗AAA,而且疯了。哈哈哈

      • xman
        July 12, 2011 at 10:27

        这个AAA和中共领导层一样,精神分裂,强迫症,看看中共官员的虚伪和狡诈就知道他们培养出的网特有多不要脸。当年袁木那个龟孙子在64后大骂美国,然后,骂完没几天,它的龟孙子女儿去美国留学!中国人民还能再相信这样的匪党吗?

        近日,大陆网友在教育论坛上发贴,揭露中共国务院发言人袁木在六四事件后公然撒谎,为中共掩盖屠杀罪行,并戳穿其双重性格和嘴脸。

        1989年6月17日,中共国务院发言人袁木接受美国电视记者采访时,撒谎称“六四”天安门广场没有死一个人。(Youtube 视频截图)
        网友揭中共发言人袁木的双重性格嘴脸

        1989年六四事件中,中共派出戒严部队血腥镇压北京学生民主运动,震惊世界。而时任中共国务院发言人的袁木则在记者会上“负责任”地证实“中国没有新闻检查制度”,中共戒严部队在6月4日凌晨的天安门广场清场行动中一枪未发,兵不血刃,广场没有死一个人。袁木的谎言遭到广大民主的痛批。台湾和西方媒体都曾经广为报道袁木撒谎,为中共掩盖屠杀罪行。帖子说,“袁木袁木、骗人有术”成为与六四学生喊出的“铲除官倒”的 口号同样广为人知。

        帖子披露,此后,袁木在公开场合以政府发言人的身份多次发表反美言论,并且把美国形容的如同人间地狱,恨不得自己有能力带领千军万马解放全美国。

        帖子进而曝光,据当年美国驻中国大使李洁明回忆录披露,袁木的女儿在“六四”之后不久,即去美国驻北京领事馆申请“留学”签证。消息曝光后,就是这个反美名嘴袁木被网民斥为“虚伪”。

        以下是大陆网友在教育论坛上的相关帖子。

        网闻:中国人的袁木式双重性格

        1989年4月29日,在中共政府组织的与北京高校学生代表的“对话”中,新闻记者出身的国务院发言人袁木以其如簧之舌瞬间闻名于世,在此后四十天的民运中, “袁木袁木、骗人有术”成为与“铲除官倒”同样广为人知的口号。

        当年袁木最有名的论断,一是以一位资深新闻工作者的身份“负责任”地证实“中国没有新闻检查制度”,二是以政府发言人的角色发誓:戒严部队在6月4日凌晨的广场清场行动中一枪未发,兵不血刃。遗憾的是,袁木的谎言当场即被戳穿。

        而后此人反美反得惊天动地,所有屎盆子都扣到美国头上不说,并且把美国形容的如同人间地狱,恨不得自己有能力带领千军万马解放全美国。

        就是这个反美名嘴袁木,他的女儿在“六四”之后不久去美国驻北京领事馆申请“留学”签证(恐怕是事件发生后对自己的国家也没信心了)。签证领事接过申请书一看,来者竟然是中国国务院发言人袁木的女儿。于是他故意把桌子下边的麦克风音量调大,他要让这里的中国雇员和其它排队等候签证的中国人都能听见他们的对话。

        他大声地问道:“你真的是袁木的女儿?
        袁小姐把身子朝窗口靠,低声回答说:“是的,我就是袁木的女儿。
        然后,美国官员用更大的声音说:“我不敢相信这么讨厌美国、天天诋毁辱骂我们美国的袁木,会要他的女儿到美国留学。
        袁木的女儿怯生生地说:“他是他,我是我。

        最后,袁木的女儿得到了签证,她的成绩不错,又得到美国一所大学的奖学金。只是由于这场对话,袁木的女儿也要到美国留学的消息迅速地传遍北京,在当时那场风暴事件之后成为丑闻,袁木也因此遭冷藏。

        以上不是什么小道消息,是当年美国驻中国大使李洁明回忆录里面白纸黑字写着,李洁明并不是反华分子,虽然李洁明的回忆录是给西方读者看的,但是西方人对于中国人的袁木式双重性格,感到不可思议。中国的权力阶层口头反美,儿孙一家都送美国,中国人把说谎普遍地化为行为,他们是口头上的义和团分子,行动上的媚外者,这已经不止是“虚伪”(Hypocrisy),而是“虚假”

        据有关资料,袁木(1928年1月-),前中华人民共和国国务院发言人、中国政策科学研究会会长及中华人民共和国国史学会会长,曾任李鹏办公室主任。记者出身,据说是因为发表了一篇关于十三陵水库的宣传性文章而开始其顺畅的仕途。其人袁木广为世人所知,是因在六四事件之前多次代表中共政府和学生对话。

      • xman
        July 12, 2011 at 10:30

        现在中国的骨灰盒很贵,趁你和共产党还有点利用价值,赶紧用内部价买一个,到时清算中共时,你一定是和它一起上绞架的,所以,早买比晚买好,你的个人信息已经被相关组织完全掌握,你已经和共产党是捆在一起了,阿门

    2. 青青河边草
      July 7, 2011 at 16:39

      对批判的批判倒是一个很好的去中共化 的途径。
      乌有这次又拍在马蹄子上了。

    3. 辛味四
      July 7, 2011 at 20:32

      中共还能存在的理由,就是他们的钱已经多到须三代人拼命保守的地步。有谚云:“尸首在哪里,秃鹰也在那里。”AAA不是有权,有钱,就是有枪,它的命根被老佛爷牢牢攥在手中。

    4. 九评
      July 8, 2011 at 02:04

      AAA应该多学习《九评共产党》,提高理论水平,被中共长期洗脑,不学习知识得不到提高的。共产党的本质就是反人类的法西斯的恐怖主义邪恶组织,这个组织在位一天,人民就要受毒害一天,只有脱离共产党,清除共产流毒,人民才会过上美好的日子。

    5. 春天来喽
      July 8, 2011 at 04:03

      中共给 何女士 配了个5毛跟班。这个可是部长级别的待遇呀。呵呵

    6. 25岁湖南湘西人
      July 8, 2011 at 15:01

      这样的文章不多

    7. July 8, 2011 at 17:28

      唉,可怜的博主及跟贴粉丝

    8. pupil
      July 9, 2011 at 00:05

      别说,中云附上了外部评论的英文原文及译文真是好事。他更没有新华社般地断章取义。这至少是诚实地批评,意见可以不同,但中云的批评方式绝对是可圈可点的。另一种解读就是,共产党误以为垄断咨询就能让民众自己接受谎言,拒绝事实,所以登出原文也没关系。其实愚民的结果就是愚己。因为人的本身就是理性的载体,特别在当今世界,理性,真实是民族生存的必需。生活在中宣部创造出来的“和谐”世界里的日子,已经到头了。可以保证地说,如果以前掷向独裁专制的鞋子只是一只两只,那现在劈头盖脸的时代已经来到。

    9. paul
      July 9, 2011 at 08:52

      看来乌有之乡除了语言粗暴,蛮不讲理之外,还多少有那么一点学术规范,知道批评要原文照登的道理。这点比新华社、环球时报、人民日报那些个谎言制造机还强一些。

    10. limingdao
      July 10, 2011 at 05:44

      “偏听则暗,兼听则明”,听不得别人的声音,听不得不同的声音,只喜欢听溜须拍马、阿谀奉承的溢美之词,敢于并善于开展表扬与自我表扬,这种现象不可能长久存在!

    11. 流浪工程
      July 10, 2011 at 18:02

      高阳台 笑侃
      近日网络流言四起,绯议横生,故做小诗一首仅供大家娱乐,如有雷同请不要对号入座,谢绝跨省追捕!

      网络传媒,群组切换,惯看键鼠飞舞。
      今日话题?骑墙笑侃江储。
      西风频送残阳下,纵深喉、谁胜谁输?
      转萧锋,吹烟灭火,禁网删书。

      暗流涌动风欲起,看庭前廷后,雾里匡庐。
      流言四起,至今通稿未出。
      斯人香港已逝去,在晚清、高烧病除。
      打开窗,等待夕阳,一览平芜。
      2011.07.09

    12. 老而无用的家伙
      July 12, 2011 at 11:27

      共党的确是靠谎言和欺骗在暴力镇压劳苦大众,来苦苦维持自己的残喘!真希望这样的政党早日下台,则中国人幸甚!!

    13. 话语权力
      July 14, 2011 at 05:45

      “现在中国共产党已经执政62年了,它的领导者们或许也想注意,一党执政的纪录是74年,由原苏共保持,第二名是墨西哥的IRP,71年。因此,当中国的领导人们举杯庆祝党的90岁生日时,他们应该不会怀有幻想,这个党能永远战胜历史的几率。”
      Smile, at facts and dreams.

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